Pressure Ulcers and The Braden Scale

What are Pressure Ulcers?

Pressure ulcers and decubitus ulcers — are injuries to skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin. Bedsores most often develop on skin that covers bony areas of the body, such as the heels, ankles, hips and tailbone.

The vast majority of nurses use special scoring system to evaluate a patient’s risk of developing a pressure ulcer. The most preferred tool is the Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Sore Risk. It consists of six categories: sensory perception, moisture, activity, mobility, nutrition, and friction/shear. The total score can range from 6 to 23 with a lower score indicating a higher risk. The level of risk indicates the intervention strategies that should be used.

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